Episodic Journal

Iwan Njoto Sandjaja

The Problem of Evil

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The Deductive Version

  1. God is exist
  2. God is omnipotent
  3. God is omniscient
  4. God is omnibenevolent
  5. God created the world
  6. The world contains evil

How to find a way to get from preposition 1-5 to a new preposition: The world does not contain evil that contradict with preposition 6?

Answer to Deductive Version

The claims that God can do absolutely anything is not true An omnipotent being cannot do a lot of things The bible declares that God cannot lie or swear by a being greater than himself No proponent of the deductive problem of evil ever succeeded in supplying the missing preposition needed to reveal the presumed contradiction

Platinga’s Proposition

  1. God exists, is omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent, and created the world
  2. God created a world that now contains evil and had a good reason for doing so
  3. Therefore, the world contains evil
Good reason for created world that now contains evil:
  1. Bounded Will.

    God want us to have choices. Evil is the side effect of bounded will. Because there are choices, we can do evil. Why God gives choices? Because real love requires freedom. No real holiness without freedom to choose. Robots cannot have real love because they don’t have their own will.

  2. To defeat evil forever.

    Adam was created in “Posse Pecare”. Adam has given options between do God’s will or rebel. He might sin and he actually sin. After that, we all in “Non Posse Non Pecare”. We cannot not sin. We always sin. But through the redemption of Jesus Christ, we might not sin ( Posse Non Pecare). And at the end (consummation), we cannot sin (Non Posse Pecare). If we compare the beginning and the end, we can conclude that God does not create perfect world but God create perfect world for his purpose.

  3. To produce great character of man

  4. For greater good and avoid bigger evil
  5. Give us privilege to serve and take part in Christ’s redemption through suffering

John Calvin said that pain and evil is the proof of God’s grace.

God whispers to us in our pleasures and shouts to us in our pain; pain is God’s megaphone to a deaf world. (C.S Lewis)

Q/A Is God the first cause of evil? No. Evil is not positive entity. Evil is the side effect of bounded will.

The Inductive Version

If God exists, then all evil has a justifying reason But it is not the case that all evil has a justifying reason Therefore, God does not exist

Answer to Inductive Version